组团学

Ansible-user模块

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一、user模块

user模块用于管理用户账号和用户属性

https://docs.ansible.com/ansible/latest/modules/user_module.html#user-module

常用参数 说明
name="" 指定用户名
password="" 指定密码,必须是密文
state= absent|present 删除|创建
system= yes|no 是否为系统用户
shell="" 指定登陆shell
generate_ssh_key= yes|no 是否创建秘钥对
uid= 指定用户的uid
append= yes|no 用户是否追加到其他组
group= 用户属组
groups= 将现有用户加入到某个组,空值就会把该用户从所有所属组中删除
create_home= yes|no 是否建立家目录
remove= yes|no 删除家目录

创建一个用户sky,密码是123

要求是系统用户

非交互式登陆

要求生成自己的秘钥对

不创建家目录

#密码必须是密文,所以先要把明文转换一下,生成md5密文 [root@manage01 ~]# echo 123|openssl passwd -1 -stdin $1$5V.qzSEd$Yr08MU8K.vXeBZcmavypk1 [root@manage01 ~]# ansible -m user group1 -a 'name=sky password="$1$5V.qzSEd$Yr08MU8K.vXeBZcmavypk1" state=present system=yes shell=/sbin/nologin generate_ssh_key=yes' 192.168.98.203 | CHANGED => { "ansible_facts": { "discovered_interpreter_python": "/usr/libexec/platform-python" }, "changed": true, "comment": "", "create_home": true, "group": 991, "home": "/home/sky", "name": "sky", "password": "NOT_LOGGING_PASSWORD", "shell": "/sbin/nologin", "ssh_fingerprint": "2048 SHA256:b2umG0XfPW0cGAFBFDBNBNbtgaY+s1X4cM334JCGGOo ansible-generated on node3 (RSA)", "ssh_key_file": "/home/sky/.ssh/id_rsa", "ssh_public_key": "ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQDIvVcTDxT4GotFYolpPPJUS2XYEmgaxCj/YLXfW2vllXJSfa3TwBLN6kJnPBabVFSYCiGRzci28f/rx4chm9TuVsNx6TozzUpolD+T3vzO/rcLdaIEzw+JYXGtqpaTapuuhm6pdQBx04TLmO3pVWBCdbJum0paMIXwPDcGPGz6JwGXWTdA5AXfvWmOZ5ChwwLDUau84R47FHfj9EisclYM3Yt3WfcVp+waSd23BBRj86jh+veL9BR7OnDmmj7YZkOxAqnU/TjuOW1uiGCB91Flgku7fPR3jmbXXrd+Ql9vWlGe22+xgYYjT4KVzlHAr3lE/HZQu49Vz/N78ZnJ1rX3 ansible-generated on node3", "state": "present", "system": true, "uid": 994 } 192.168.98.201 | CHANGED => { "ansible_facts": { "discovered_interpreter_python": "/usr/libexec/platform-python" }, "changed": true, "comment": "", "create_home": true, "group": 974, "home": "/home/sky", "name": "sky", "password": "NOT_LOGGING_PASSWORD", "shell": "/sbin/nologin", "ssh_fingerprint": "2048 SHA256:D2ZhPJV9bdFMtf7EBo3Y5w023xqxDppZxqoe5Z3NVus ansible-generated on node1 (RSA)", "ssh_key_file": "/home/sky/.ssh/id_rsa", "ssh_public_key": "ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQD1swS5MAox4o2f3rxe9TPz+AFDnB5Jt+X6Yygpphfetfds37SHSP5K4QcAd1SO6OlHopB3x9FQklS3z6C4bfz5trbK/PR9RCzkkzLamC5BKhNXEV2ozj1m2J/F10umZLSvd3ElEJubkyzV383x7sVi5VtQycemoDLiJiWjHTEcKu/I0bSCliODe57nqgM9+5V+nfeih56Vs+vhTGIxqZ/6FZXKGM9iDiI8VokUlMjhOJz5MuFRr4XsgBvtGNyu/bCbjr8QPdDNX/Wl8IZDjLJNHDno8ixc7Bp6ME2hEr9pnpe+DuKJmsAwl+A52E7eAlm/0pp573mZ4ObHRTQwdgQT ansible-generated on node1", "state": "present", "system": true, "uid": 976 } 192.168.98.202 | CHANGED => { "ansible_facts": { "discovered_interpreter_python": "/usr/libexec/platform-python" }, "changed": true, "comment": "", "create_home": true, "group": 975, "home": "/home/sky", "name": "sky", "password": "NOT_LOGGING_PASSWORD", "shell": "/sbin/nologin", "ssh_fingerprint": "2048 SHA256:/VBzZUWcHnLOpMNxq9OXIwD/5IkI9r7smp50s6lByZs ansible-generated on node2 (RSA)", "ssh_key_file": "/home/sky/.ssh/id_rsa", "ssh_public_key": "ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQDT/+8y3omHiWSOS9dX1AYcADRp7ZUszOBqZV0/77TZ7mV5X1/T+cdZrsnwAiNbXosjDQjKj0qtIJQR3rLuCv08DV6gjlP4bzDodSekfh1mbGu9EkDu0HD+qmW0/y5Mb4lJbBCMHCVJFrwBnH2+AfVezTVgcf4NHh4zJvASnSfmecmyfFEDEVZIozd0z8hw8NcgcYn8MeDrMhVN+y3xj0IXKwg6E0NindBuxkMYbwehcQo6Sscx9YdCv05SXVU+FjyPOQNzZZUQkmp+5GDy1dib1m5GJ5yIf8IzOh1FISoKz8/FqORRIEp55NRgrGw3ZU/weK0RL9SkXhUc29gcN1ON ansible-generated on node2", "state": "present", "system": true, "uid": 977 } 创建用户baishuming 密码为123456 [root@manage01 ~]# echo "123456"|openssl passwd -1 -stdin $1$BMPgiHeV$GskMFnvqBL17gTe/us5yK. [root@manage01 ~]# ansible -m user group1 -a 'name=baishuming password="$1$BMPgiHeV$GskMFnvqBL17gTe/us5yK." uid=4423' 不创建家目录 [root@manage01 ~]# ansible -m user 192.168.98.201 -a "name=baism create_home=no" 要求属组为root 附加组为sko

用户删除

[root@manage01 ~]# ansible -m user 192.168.98.201 -a "name=baishuming1 state=absent remove=yes" 192.168.98.201 | CHANGED => { "ansible_facts": { "discovered_interpreter_python": "/usr/bin/python" }, "changed": true, "force": false, "name": "baishuming1", "remove": true, "state": "absent" }

二、学习视频

视频:user模块

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