组团学

Ansible-service模块

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一、service模块

service模块:用于控制服务的启动,关闭,开机自启动等。

https://docs.ansible.com/ansible/latest/modules/service_module.html#service-module

参数 说明
name 服务名称
state reloaded, restarted, started, stopped 服务管理
enabled yes|no 开启是否启动

启动vsftpd服务,并设为开机自动启动

[root@manage01 ~]# ansible -m service 192.168.98.202 -a "name=vsftpd state=started enabled=on" 192.168.98.202 | CHANGED => { "ansible_facts": { "discovered_interpreter_python": "/usr/libexec/platform-python" }, "changed": true, "enabled": true, "name": "vsftpd", "state": "started", "status": { "ActiveEnterTimestampMonotonic": "0", "ActiveExitTimestampMonotonic": "0", "ActiveState": "inactive", "After": "network.target systemd-journald.socket system.slice basic.target sysinit.target", "AllowIsolate": "no", "AmbientCapabilities": "", "AssertResult": "no", "AssertTimestampMonotonic": "0", "Before": "shutdown.target", "BlockIOAccounting": "no", "BlockIOWeight": "[not set]", "CPUAccounting": "no", "CPUQuotaPerSecUSec": "infinity", "CPUSchedulingPolicy": "0", "CPUSchedulingPriority": "0", "CPUSchedulingResetOnFork": "no", "CPUShares": "[not set]", "CPUUsageNSec": "[not set]", "CPUWeight": "[not set]", "CacheDirectoryMode": "0755", "CanIsolate": "no", "CanReload": "no", "CanStart": "yes", "CanStop": "yes", "CapabilityBoundingSet": "cap_chown cap_dac_override cap_dac_read_search cap_fowner cap_fsetid cap_kill cap_setgid cap_setuid cap_setpcap cap_linux_immutable cap_net_bind_service cap_net_broadcast cap_net_admin cap_net_raw cap_ipc_lock cap_ipc_owner cap_sys_module cap_sys_rawio cap_sys_chroot cap_sys_ptrace cap_sys_pacct cap_sys_admin cap_sys_boot cap_sys_nice cap_sys_resource cap_sys_time cap_sys_tty_config cap_mknod cap_lease cap_audit_write cap_audit_control cap_setfcap cap_mac_override cap_mac_admin cap_syslog cap_wake_alarm cap_block_suspend", "CollectMode": "inactive", "ConditionResult": "no", "ConditionTimestampMonotonic": "0", "ConfigurationDirectoryMode": "0755", "Conflicts": "shutdown.target", "ControlPID": "0", "DefaultDependencies": "yes", "Delegate": "no", "Description": "Vsftpd ftp daemon", "DevicePolicy": "auto", "DynamicUser": "no", "ExecMainCode": "0", "ExecMainExitTimestampMonotonic": "0", "ExecMainPID": "0", "ExecMainStartTimestampMonotonic": "0", "ExecMainStatus": "0", "ExecStart": "{ path=/usr/sbin/vsftpd ; argv[]=/usr/sbin/vsftpd /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf ; ignore_errors=no ; start_time=[n/a] ; stop_time=[n/a] ; pid=0 ; code=(null) ; status=0/0 }", "FailureAction": "none", "FileDescriptorStoreMax": "0", "FragmentPath": "/usr/lib/systemd/system/vsftpd.service", "GID": "[not set]", "GuessMainPID": "yes", "IOAccounting": "no", "IOSchedulingClass": "0", "IOSchedulingPriority": "0", "IOWeight": "[not set]", "IPAccounting": "no", "IPEgressBytes": "18446744073709551615", "IPEgressPackets": "18446744073709551615", "IPIngressBytes": "18446744073709551615", "IPIngressPackets": "18446744073709551615", "Id": "vsftpd.service", "IgnoreOnIsolate": "no", "IgnoreSIGPIPE": "yes", "InactiveEnterTimestampMonotonic": "0", "InactiveExitTimestampMonotonic": "0", "JobRunningTimeoutUSec": "infinity", "JobTimeoutAction": "none", "JobTimeoutUSec": "infinity", "KeyringMode": "private", "KillMode": "control-group", "KillSignal": "15", "LimitAS": "infinity", "LimitASSoft": "infinity", "LimitCORE": "infinity", "LimitCORESoft": "infinity", "LimitCPU": "infinity", "LimitCPUSoft": "infinity", "LimitDATA": "infinity", "LimitDATASoft": "infinity", "LimitFSIZE": "infinity", "LimitFSIZESoft": "infinity", "LimitLOCKS": "infinity", "LimitLOCKSSoft": "infinity", "LimitMEMLOCK": "16777216", "LimitMEMLOCKSoft": "16777216", "LimitMSGQUEUE": "819200", "LimitMSGQUEUESoft": "819200", "LimitNICE": "0", "LimitNICESoft": "0", "LimitNOFILE": "4096", "LimitNOFILESoft": "1024", "LimitNPROC": "7741", "LimitNPROCSoft": "7741", "LimitRSS": "infinity", "LimitRSSSoft": "infinity", "LimitRTPRIO": "0", "LimitRTPRIOSoft": "0", "LimitRTTIME": "infinity", "LimitRTTIMESoft": "infinity", "LimitSIGPENDING": "7741", "LimitSIGPENDINGSoft": "7741", "LimitSTACK": "infinity", "LimitSTACKSoft": "8388608", "LoadState": "loaded", "LockPersonality": "no", "LogLevelMax": "-1", "LogsDirectoryMode": "0755", "MainPID": "0", "MemoryAccounting": "yes", "MemoryCurrent": "[not set]", "MemoryDenyWriteExecute": "no", "MemoryHigh": "infinity", "MemoryLimit": "infinity", "MemoryLow": "0", "MemoryMax": "infinity", "MemorySwapMax": "infinity", "MountAPIVFS": "no", "MountFlags": "", "NFileDescriptorStore": "0", "NRestarts": "0", "Names": "vsftpd.service", "NeedDaemonReload": "no", "Nice": "0", "NoNewPrivileges": "no", "NonBlocking": "no", "NotifyAccess": "none", "OOMScoreAdjust": "0", "OnFailureJobMode": "replace", "PermissionsStartOnly": "no", "Perpetual": "no", "PrivateDevices": "no", "PrivateMounts": "no", "PrivateNetwork": "no", "PrivateTmp": "no", "PrivateUsers": "no", "ProtectControlGroups": "no", "ProtectHome": "no", "ProtectKernelModules": "no", "ProtectKernelTunables": "no", "ProtectSystem": "no", "RefuseManualStart": "no", "RefuseManualStop": "no", "RemainAfterExit": "no", "RemoveIPC": "no", "Requires": "sysinit.target system.slice", "Restart": "no", "RestartUSec": "100ms", "RestrictNamespaces": "no", "RestrictRealtime": "no", "Result": "success", "RootDirectoryStartOnly": "no", "RuntimeDirectoryMode": "0755", "RuntimeDirectoryPreserve": "no", "RuntimeMaxUSec": "infinity", "SameProcessGroup": "no", "SecureBits": "0", "SendSIGHUP": "no", "SendSIGKILL": "yes", "Slice": "system.slice", "StandardError": "inherit", "StandardInput": "null", "StandardInputData": "", "StandardOutput": "journal", "StartLimitAction": "none", "StartLimitBurst": "5", "StartLimitIntervalUSec": "10s", "StartupBlockIOWeight": "[not set]", "StartupCPUShares": "[not set]", "StartupCPUWeight": "[not set]", "StartupIOWeight": "[not set]", "StateChangeTimestampMonotonic": "0", "StateDirectoryMode": "0755", "StatusErrno": "0", "StopWhenUnneeded": "no", "SubState": "dead", "SuccessAction": "none", "SyslogFacility": "3", "SyslogLevel": "6", "SyslogLevelPrefix": "yes", "SyslogPriority": "30", "SystemCallErrorNumber": "0", "TTYReset": "no", "TTYVHangup": "no", "TTYVTDisallocate": "no", "TasksAccounting": "yes", "TasksCurrent": "[not set]", "TasksMax": "12386", "TimeoutStartUSec": "1min 30s", "TimeoutStopUSec": "1min 30s", "TimerSlackNSec": "50000", "Transient": "no", "Type": "forking", "UID": "[not set]", "UMask": "0022", "UnitFilePreset": "disabled", "UnitFileState": "disabled", "UtmpMode": "init", "WatchdogTimestampMonotonic": "0", "WatchdogUSec": "0" } }

关闭vsftpd服务,并设为开机不自动启动

[root@manage01 ~]# ansible -m service 192.168.98.202 -a "name=vsftpd state=stopped enabled=false" 192.168.98.202 | CHANGED => { "ansible_facts": { "discovered_interpreter_python": "/usr/libexec/platform-python" }, "changed": true, "enabled": false, "name": "vsftpd", "state": "stopped", "status": { "ActiveEnterTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT", "ActiveEnterTimestampMonotonic": "89286681247", "ActiveExitTimestampMonotonic": "0", "ActiveState": "active", "After": "systemd-journald.socket sysinit.target basic.target system.slice network.target", "AllowIsolate": "no", "AmbientCapabilities": "", "AssertResult": "yes", "AssertTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT", "AssertTimestampMonotonic": "89286676375", "Before": "multi-user.target shutdown.target", "BlockIOAccounting": "no", "BlockIOWeight": "[not set]", "CPUAccounting": "no", "CPUQuotaPerSecUSec": "infinity", "CPUSchedulingPolicy": "0", "CPUSchedulingPriority": "0", "CPUSchedulingResetOnFork": "no", "CPUShares": "[not set]", "CPUUsageNSec": "[not set]", "CPUWeight": "[not set]", "CacheDirectoryMode": "0755", "CanIsolate": "no", "CanReload": "no", "CanStart": "yes", "CanStop": "yes", "CapabilityBoundingSet": "cap_chown cap_dac_override cap_dac_read_search cap_fowner cap_fsetid cap_kill cap_setgid cap_setuid cap_setpcap cap_linux_immutable cap_net_bind_service cap_net_broadcast cap_net_admin cap_net_raw cap_ipc_lock cap_ipc_owner cap_sys_module cap_sys_rawio cap_sys_chroot cap_sys_ptrace cap_sys_pacct cap_sys_admin cap_sys_boot cap_sys_nice cap_sys_resource cap_sys_time cap_sys_tty_config cap_mknod cap_lease cap_audit_write cap_audit_control cap_setfcap cap_mac_override cap_mac_admin cap_syslog cap_wake_alarm cap_block_suspend", "CollectMode": "inactive", "ConditionResult": "yes", "ConditionTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT", "ConditionTimestampMonotonic": "89286676375", "ConfigurationDirectoryMode": "0755", "Conflicts": "shutdown.target", "ControlGroup": "/system.slice/vsftpd.service", "ControlPID": "0", "DefaultDependencies": "yes", "Delegate": "no", "Description": "Vsftpd ftp daemon", "DevicePolicy": "auto", "DynamicUser": "no", "ExecMainCode": "0", "ExecMainExitTimestampMonotonic": "0", "ExecMainPID": "51752", "ExecMainStartTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT", "ExecMainStartTimestampMonotonic": "89286681239", "ExecMainStatus": "0", "ExecStart": "{ path=/usr/sbin/vsftpd ; argv[]=/usr/sbin/vsftpd /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf ; ignore_errors=no ; start_time=[Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT] ; stop_time=[Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT] ; pid=51751 ; code=exited ; status=0 }", "FailureAction": "none", "FileDescriptorStoreMax": "0", "FragmentPath": "/usr/lib/systemd/system/vsftpd.service", "GID": "[not set]", "GuessMainPID": "yes", "IOAccounting": "no", "IOSchedulingClass": "0", "IOSchedulingPriority": "0", "IOWeight": "[not set]", "IPAccounting": "no", "IPEgressBytes": "18446744073709551615", "IPEgressPackets": "18446744073709551615", "IPIngressBytes": "18446744073709551615", "IPIngressPackets": "18446744073709551615", "Id": "vsftpd.service", "IgnoreOnIsolate": "no", "IgnoreSIGPIPE": "yes", "InactiveEnterTimestampMonotonic": "0", "InactiveExitTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT", "InactiveExitTimestampMonotonic": "89286677130", "InvocationID": "e326c69c138b430880f883b0bdb05f83", "JobRunningTimeoutUSec": "infinity", "JobTimeoutAction": "none", "JobTimeoutUSec": "infinity", "KeyringMode": "private", "KillMode": "control-group", "KillSignal": "15", "LimitAS": "infinity", "LimitASSoft": "infinity", "LimitCORE": "infinity", "LimitCORESoft": "infinity", "LimitCPU": "infinity", "LimitCPUSoft": "infinity", "LimitDATA": "infinity", "LimitDATASoft": "infinity", "LimitFSIZE": "infinity", "LimitFSIZESoft": "infinity", "LimitLOCKS": "infinity", "LimitLOCKSSoft": "infinity", "LimitMEMLOCK": "16777216", "LimitMEMLOCKSoft": "16777216", "LimitMSGQUEUE": "819200", "LimitMSGQUEUESoft": "819200", "LimitNICE": "0", "LimitNICESoft": "0", "LimitNOFILE": "4096", "LimitNOFILESoft": "1024", "LimitNPROC": "7741", "LimitNPROCSoft": "7741", "LimitRSS": "infinity", "LimitRSSSoft": "infinity", "LimitRTPRIO": "0", "LimitRTPRIOSoft": "0", "LimitRTTIME": "infinity", "LimitRTTIMESoft": "infinity", "LimitSIGPENDING": "7741", "LimitSIGPENDINGSoft": "7741", "LimitSTACK": "infinity", "LimitSTACKSoft": "8388608", "LoadState": "loaded", "LockPersonality": "no", "LogLevelMax": "-1", "LogsDirectoryMode": "0755", "MainPID": "51752", "MemoryAccounting": "yes", "MemoryCurrent": "577536", "MemoryDenyWriteExecute": "no", "MemoryHigh": "infinity", "MemoryLimit": "infinity", "MemoryLow": "0", "MemoryMax": "infinity", "MemorySwapMax": "infinity", "MountAPIVFS": "no", "MountFlags": "", "NFileDescriptorStore": "0", "NRestarts": "0", "Names": "vsftpd.service", "NeedDaemonReload": "no", "Nice": "0", "NoNewPrivileges": "no", "NonBlocking": "no", "NotifyAccess": "none", "OOMScoreAdjust": "0", "OnFailureJobMode": "replace", "PermissionsStartOnly": "no", "Perpetual": "no", "PrivateDevices": "no", "PrivateMounts": "no", "PrivateNetwork": "no", "PrivateTmp": "no", "PrivateUsers": "no", "ProtectControlGroups": "no", "ProtectHome": "no", "ProtectKernelModules": "no", "ProtectKernelTunables": "no", "ProtectSystem": "no", "RefuseManualStart": "no", "RefuseManualStop": "no", "RemainAfterExit": "no", "RemoveIPC": "no", "Requires": "system.slice sysinit.target", "Restart": "no", "RestartUSec": "100ms", "RestrictNamespaces": "no", "RestrictRealtime": "no", "Result": "success", "RootDirectoryStartOnly": "no", "RuntimeDirectoryMode": "0755", "RuntimeDirectoryPreserve": "no", "RuntimeMaxUSec": "infinity", "SameProcessGroup": "no", "SecureBits": "0", "SendSIGHUP": "no", "SendSIGKILL": "yes", "Slice": "system.slice", "StandardError": "inherit", "StandardInput": "null", "StandardInputData": "", "StandardOutput": "journal", "StartLimitAction": "none", "StartLimitBurst": "5", "StartLimitIntervalUSec": "10s", "StartupBlockIOWeight": "[not set]", "StartupCPUShares": "[not set]", "StartupCPUWeight": "[not set]", "StartupIOWeight": "[not set]", "StateChangeTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT", "StateChangeTimestampMonotonic": "89286681247", "StateDirectoryMode": "0755", "StatusErrno": "0", "StopWhenUnneeded": "no", "SubState": "running", "SuccessAction": "none", "SyslogFacility": "3", "SyslogLevel": "6", "SyslogLevelPrefix": "yes", "SyslogPriority": "30", "SystemCallErrorNumber": "0", "TTYReset": "no", "TTYVHangup": "no", "TTYVTDisallocate": "no", "TasksAccounting": "yes", "TasksCurrent": "1", "TasksMax": "12386", "TimeoutStartUSec": "1min 30s", "TimeoutStopUSec": "1min 30s", "TimerSlackNSec": "50000", "Transient": "no", "Type": "forking", "UID": "[not set]", "UMask": "0022", "UnitFilePreset": "disabled", "UnitFileState": "enabled", "UtmpMode": "init", "WantedBy": "multi-user.target", "WatchdogTimestamp": "Fri 2019-10-18 04:13:19 EDT", "WatchdogTimestampMonotonic": "89286681246", "WatchdogUSec": "0" } }

二、学习视频

视频:service模块

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