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shell脚本案例-Python安装脚本

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案例需求

使用shell脚本安装Python环境

应用场景

服务器业务初始化

解决问题

避免人工多次安装,节省人工成本
避免人工错误,提高工作效率

脚本思路

1、获得软件包
2、源码安装
3、升级pip命令

案例代码

#!/bin/bash #Description: python install from zutuanxue(http://www.zutuanxue.com) #Release: python 3.7.6 #Auther: zutuanxue #Email: #OS: Centos 8.X #variables python_download_url=https://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.7.6/Python-3.7.6.tgz python_source_pkg=Python-3.7.6.tgz python_code=Python-3.7.6 #functions #安装前准备,安装必要依赖包 per_install () { if ( ! yum -y install gcc-* openssl-* libffi-devel sqlite-devel &>/dev/null );then #if ( ! yum -y install gcc-* openssl-* libffi-devel sqlite-devel ) &>/dev/null ;then echo -e "\033[31m network connection error,exit... \033[0m" exit 130 fi } #安装python install () { #下载软件包 wget $python_download_url #解压软件包 if [ -f $python_source_pkg ];then tar xf $python_source_pkg [ $? -ne 0 ]&&echo "$python_source_pkg unzip fail"&&exit 1 cd $python_code #配置,开启ssl支持https if ./configure --with-openssl=/usr/bin/openssl 1>/dev/null;then #mv Modules/Setup Modules/Setup.bak cp -f ../Setup Modules/ if make 1>/dev/null;then #if make ;then if make install 1>/dev/null;then #if make install ;then #if pip3 install --upgrade pip 1>/dev/null;then #安装完成后更新pip if pip3 install --upgrade pip;then echo "python install success" else echo "pip3 install fail" exit 1 fi else echo "python install fail" exit 1 fi else echo "python make fail" exit 1 fi else echo "python configure fail" exit fi else echo "not found $python_source_pkg" exit 1 fi } per_install;install rm -rf $python_code rm -rf python_source_pkg
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